Patient Satisfaction should NEVER be 100%
Patient satisfaction is all the rage these days. It is also a never ending ethical bind for doctors. If your administration thinks you can run your practice like Disney, I know you can feel the heat of the inappropriate pressure to make everyone happy.
I am all for having a supremely satisfying visit to my doctor. It will never be like a 90 minute hot rocks, full body massage ... and when I'm the patient, I will take what I can get.
The problem with comparing a visit to my healthcare provider and
- a massage
- or a meal
- or a hotel stay
- or a trip to Disney World
... is simple. They are not comparable ... for heaven's sake.
If you think you can run a healthcare organization like Disney, you are setting up a battle between Patient Satisfaction on one side and Quality and Safety on the other
In health care, 100% Patient Satisfaction is
- Dangerous for the physician and the patient
- Unethical and a violation of "Primum Non Nocere"
- If your employer expects this of you as a physician, it is a glaring sign of a physician leadership vacuum
If you are doing your job well ...
There will always be a small minority of patients who must leave disappointed
How Patient Satisfaction is Measured
Most doctors are under the mistaken assumption that when your patients are asked about their satisfaction with your care or their hospital stay, your personal rating is based on the AVERAGE of the scores they give you. This is completely inaccurate.
"Percentage of Top"
Your personal patient satisfaction rating is based on the percentage of patients who gave you the top score.
Patient satisfaction surveys, such as Press Ganey, typically measure satisfaction on a five point scale where "5" is the Top Score. "5" usually corresponds to the words "Always", "Outstanding" or "Excellent".
"Percentage of Top" in this situation - is the percentage of the total patient satisfaction scores where you are given a "5".
If 10 of your patients gave you the following scores on a Press Ganey Survey
3 - 4 - 4 - 4 - 2 - 5 - 3 - 4 - 4 - 5
Your total is 38
Mean = 3.8 (not bad ... eh?)
Percentage of Top = 20% (abysmal by the way)
If you don't get a "5", it does not count. They throw everything but the "5"s in the trash and measure your patient satisfaction by your percentage of this top score.
A perfect patient satisfaction score is when 100% of your patients give you the top score of "5".
(NOTE: For a much more detailed discussion of patient satisfaction scoring, please see the comment below by a reader who goes by "Setit Straight")
Why 100% Patient Satisfaction is Dangerous
Because patients make mistaken and dangerous requests. We are their highly trained expert consultant when it comes to healthcare. We are qualified to notice when their request is based on drug seeking, or TV ads or anecdotal experience. We can also tell if their assumptions are just plain wrong.
If we don't say "NO" and create a healthy boundary for the patient, someone is going to get hurt and we might get sued.
Use this link for training on how to say no to inappropriate antibiotic requests
Use this link for the Universal Upset Patient Protocol
And this Catch 22 is extremely common. Not a day goes by in a primary care practice or ER without patients asking for things that we simply must refuse.
- They will not be satisfied
- We will not get a "5"
- It is necessary and completely consistent with all that is right about the process of becoming a doctor
Think about all the types of patient requests that are dangerous. Think of the situations where it is very important that we deny the patient's request - and risk them giving us less than 5 on the Press Ganey Survey.
Give them their oxycontin and they could die or kill others behind the wheel of a car or in any number of additional and tragic circumstances
Inappropriate Antibiotic Requests
If the recent emergence of fatal community acquired multi-drug resistant bacterial infections isn't reason enough to say no, how about allergic drug reactions.
Other inappropriate medication requests
The patient who requests a drug because of direct-to-consumer TV ads -- is setup to suffer a completely avoidable episode of anaphylaxis, Stevens–Johnson syndrome or worse.
CT Scans for low back pain without radicular symptoms ... and both of us could go on and on here. How much radiation is too much?
This issue is causing the wrongful termination of good doctors
Complaints from drug seeking and other inappropriate patients should never result in a physician being fired. I am tired of seeing physicians fired because non-clinical leaders do not understand this issue. Let's look at this battle between patient satisfaction and and quality care and safety in some detail. Feel free to share this article with your non-physician administrators
If I ever meet a physician whose percentage of top is 100
I will immediately suspect
- their ethics
- their clinical skill set
- their personal boundaries
and I will want to look very closely at their numbers to make sure they aren't just treating family members (that's a joke, BTW ;-)
And the Bean Counters Just Don't Understand
Here is why this is such a kerfuffle these days.
There are BIG Bucks in patient satisfaction. Patient satisfaction is one of the key "quality" indicators payors are using to bonus physicians who get high marks. These bonus dollars are a sparkle in the eye of your CFO in this era of generally declining reimbursement.
The bean counters see the bonus dollars for patient satisfaction
They push for you to make everyone happy so you get the big checks
This is a job for physician leadership
- We are in healthcare.
- It is the physician's responsibility to tell non-physician administrators why their expectations of 100% satisfaction are inappropriate and dangerous
- It is the healthcare administrators responsibility to take this advice to heart and not make decisions only based on financial considerations
This is not Disney, or Dominos Pizza or Verizon or the Ritz Carlton
We are dealing with sick, hurt, scared and dying people
Primum Non Nocere and the dollars be damned
If you are being pressured to hit unattainable patient satisfaction scores, this is a physician leadership issue.
Who is your physician representative on the leadership team?
Tell them to get the bean counters off your back.
While you focus on making the patients who are not inappropriate as satisfied as you possibly can.
PLEASE LEAVE A COMMENT:
- What inappropriate patient requests would you add to the short list above?
- What pressure are you under to maximize patient satisfaction?
- Have you been dinged or fired for complaints from inappropriate patients?